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Title: Influence of film thickness on the dielectric characteristics of hafnium oxide layers
Authors: Golosov, D. A.
Vilya, N.
Zavadski, S.M.
Melnikov, S. N.
Avramchuck, A. V.
Grekhov, M.M.
Kargin, N. I.
Komissarov, I. V.
Keywords: публикации ученых;Amorphous thin film;High-k dielectric;Hafnium oxide;Reactive magnetron sputtering;Dielectric characteristics
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Influence of film thickness on the dielectric characteristics of hafnium oxide layers / Golosov D. A. [and others] // Thin Solid Films. – 2019. – Vol. 690. – P. 137517. – DOI:
Abstract: The present work focuses on the study of properties of hafnium oxide (HfO2) films, deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering of the Hf target in Ar/O2 gas mixture. The X-ray diffraction analysis of the deposited films proved the amorphous structure of the films, which was also confirmed by the Raman spectroscopy. It was determined that as the HfO2 film thickness had been decreased from 98.6 nm to 13.5 nm, film density had dropped from 9.52 to 9.26 g/cm2. At the same time, the dielectric constant dropped from 21.3 to 8.0 units, and the dielectric loss tangent rose, especially at high frequencies. At the same time, the decrease in film thickness resulted in increased leakage currents at low electric field density E, and decreased leakage currents at high E. Improvement of dielectric characteristics and increase in leakage current with film thickness growth is a consequence of film densification and the formation of a crystalline phase. Thickness dependence of the dielectric constant is associated with the violation of the ionic polarization mechanism at the film electrode interface.
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